ADDICTIONS:

By George Cortina

What is an addiction?
-Compulsive need for and use of a habit forming substance characterized
by tolerance and by well defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P--6LEbksds

2 Types of addiction:
1. Substance related addictions

Image result for substance addiction
Image result for substance addiction


2. Behavioral addictions (Soft Addictions)
Image result for substance addiction
Image result for substance addiction



Alcohol Addiction (Alcoholism)
- Chronic alcohol use to the degree that it interferes with physical
or mental health, or with normal social or work behavior

-According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism,
the prevalence for:
  • Adults (Ages 18+): 16.3 million adults had an AUD
    • 10.6 million men
    • 5.7 million women
  • Youth (Ages 12-17): estimated 679,000 adolescents had an AUD
    • 367,000 females
    • 311,000 males
- Individuals whose parents were alcoholics are more likely to become one themselves

- Treatments for Alcoholism include:
  • Professional Rehabilitation Programs
  • Self-help Alcohol Addiction Treatment
  • Therapy

Behavioral Addictions
-A form of addiction that involves a compulsion to engage in a rewarding
non-drug related behavior despite- any negative consequences to the
person

Image result for behavioral addiction
Image result for behavioral addiction


Most common types of soft addictions:
  • Sex
  • Shopping
  • Gambling
  • Internet
  • Gaming
  • Porn

Treatments:
  • Psychotherapy
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Sometimes Medication


Addiction: Cigarettes

By Theresa Place

  • Tobacco use remains the single largest preventable cause of death and disease in the United States.
  • Cigarette smoking kills more than 480,000 Americans each year.
  • More than 41,000 of these deaths from exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Smoking-related illness in the United States costs more than $300 billion a year, including nearly $170 billion in direct medical care for adults and $156 billion in lost productivity.
  • In 2014, an estimated 16.8% (40.0 million) U.S. adults were current cigarette smokers. Of these, 76.8% (30.7 million) smoked every day, and 23.2% (9.3 million) smoked some days.


By Race/Ethnicity3

Race/Ethnicity
Prevalence
American Indian/Alaska Natives (non-Hispanic)
29.2%
Asians (non-Hispanic)
9.5%
Blacks (non-Hispanic)
17.5%
Hispanics
11.2%
Multiple Races (non-Hispanic)
27.9%
Whites (non-Hispanic)
18.2%

By Sex3

Sex
Prevalence
Men
18.8%
Women
14.8%

By Age3

Age
Prevalence
18–24 years
16.7%
25–44 years
20.0%
45–64 years
18.0%
65 years and older
8.5%
Side Effects
  • increased risk of stroke and brain damage.
  • eye cataracts, macular degeneration, yellowing of whites of eyes.
  • loss of sense of smell and taste.
  • yellow teeth, tooth decay and bad breath.
  • cancer of the nose, lip, tongue and mouth.

SmokersLungs.jpg

Smoking ad in 1950

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sxrCjmqRTz0

In the 1950s' people were not educated on how bad smoking was for you. They even advertising doctors doing it.

Smoking ad 2016

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=loLpcd7gqNE

Nowadays there are ads and commercials every where encouraging teens and young adults to be the generations that ends smoking.







INSTRUCTIONS/ Addictions
Drugs, Alcohol, Tobacco, Soft Addictions As a group you are responsible for creating your own Wiki covering the topics assigned. You may attach files, articles, videos, pictures and/or word document Be prepared to give your reports orally to the class using your Wiki. Included in your report should be a description of the addiction, who it affects, prevalence and treatment. How to use the wiki page
  1. To enter content on this page, click the EDIT tab located on the top, right side of the page.
  2. Enter the information and click Save to save changes.
You can upload files or create links to external [[#|website]] or to a page in the wiki.
  1. To upload a file or an image, click the Fileicon on the tool bar, upload the file.
  2. Click the Link icon to enter a link to a url or link to a page in the wiki.