Cancer
Testicular Cancer
By: George Cortina

What is testicular cancer?


Testicular cancer is a disease in which cells become cancerous in one or both testicles.

It is one of the most common types of solid tumors found in young adult men.

Who Does it Affect?

It affects young men typically ages 15-39
White men are at most risk of getting this cancer (5-10 times more likely)
Image result for testicular cancer statistics
Image result for testicular cancer statistics


Symptoms:

Pain or discomfort with or without swelling in testicle or scrotum

Dull ache in lower abdomen or groin

Breast tenderness or growth

Lower back pain, shortness of breath, chest pain

Types:
1. Seminoma

2. Non Seminoma
- tends to grow and spread more quickly

Treatment

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 width="276" height="176" caption="Image result for helpful doctor"]]
Doc says yes

Early stage diagnosed cancer, survival rate 99%

Later stage diagnosed cancer, survival rate 73%

One of the most curable forms of cancer


Early Recognition is key!

Surgery most likely treatment, followed by chemotherapy post surgery

Detection:

-Self examination

-Asking your doctor


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=soNIj6fEhfc






3. Chemotherapy
external image Centrallinenew451x254.gif



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vbj4NwiQhk8






Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC)
By: Alexis Amari-Zavala

What is Inflammatory Breast Cancer?- an aggressive and fast growing breast cancer in which cancer cells develop in the lymph vessels and skin of the breast. There are generally no tumors produced or lumps that can be felt during an exam. Sometimes symptoms can't even be seen until a lymph vessel becomes blocked, this cancer affects mainly women.


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Some of the symptoms of Inflammatory Breast Cancer include:
  • A consistent or persistent itching and/or a rash or small irritation similar to an insect bite on more than 1/3 of the breast
  • Thickening of the skin of the breast which can be caused by edema, swelling, from blocked lymph vessels
  • The nipple may also change in appearance as well; look pulled in or inverted
  • The breast may feel harder

  • A rumply look to the outside of your nipple area
  • Nipple may appear droopy or low hanging
  • Any skin changes on breast area
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Ways to Detect IBC:
  • Normally skin irriations or changes on the skin of the breast is a way to recognize the possibility of IBC.
  • Mammograms may be held (photo shown below). Because there are are rarely any tumors or lumps detected a regular breast exam done by a physician or yourself cannot detect this type of breast cancer. The symptoms of this type of cancer can develop very quickly so it is important for someone to tell their doctor about any changes in skin as soon as they are noticed because this can aid in the detection of the cancer.
  • Doctors can order imaging tests to be ran on breast, and/or Mammograms can be ordered (this is normally a Doctors first resort). The skin and swelling however can make the test uncomfortable or painful.
  • They can also perform a breast ultrasound of the infected area, and this will show the lymph nodes under the arm which then the doctor can determine if they are enlarged or not. Also, if there is a tumor present then they will be able to pick this up with an ultrasound as well.
  • An MRI can be used to find abnormalities
  • CT SCANS can be performed on the chest, abdomen, and pelvis to detect the spread of cancer.
  • PET SCANS can be done to show the spread of the cancer if detected through the lymph nodes and vessels. This would be a route of the cancer spreading to other areas of the body.
  • Biopsies can be done to take a sample of an infected area to run tests on it to determine if the cells are abnormal or not.
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Possible Treatment for Inflammatory Breast Cancer:
  • A Surgical root can be taken for a Masectomy (surgical removal of all or some of the breasts)
  • Radiation (uses X-rays and other high power energies to kill abnormal cells)
  • Chemotherapy (medication killing rapid growth of cells), Estrogen Modulator (medication mimicking the affect of estrogen on the tissue), and Hormone based Chemotherapy.
  • You may also visit Specialist such as: OBGYN, Oncologist, Surgeon, Primary Care Provider, and/or a Nuclear medicine Doctor.


https://youtu.be/AmP5QuGc-PE




SAVE VIDEO- Zellner



THE TYPES OF SKIN CANCER:
By: Amanda Alberth
An estimated 40% to 50% of fair-skinned people who live to be 65 will develop at least one skin cancer.
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Squamous Cell
Description: Develops in the squamous cells that make up the middle and outer layer of the skin.
  • Usually not life-threatening, can be aggressive in some cases
  • Results from prolonged exposure to Ultra Violet radiation, from either sunlight or tanning beds or lamps.
  • Most common Skin Cancer among Blacks and Asian Indians.
Symptoms
  • A firm red nodule
  • A flat sore with a scaly crust
  • A rough or raised area on an old scar or ulcer.
Risk Factors
  • Fair skin- less pigment in your skin provides less protection from UV radiation
  • Excessive sun exposure
  • Use of tanning beds
  • A history of precancerous skin lesions
  • weaken immune system
Treatments
  • Laser Therapy
  • Freezing
  • Photodyamic Therapy
  • Medicated creams or loctions
  • Simple excision
  • Mohs Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
squamous-cell-carcinoma.jpeg
Basal Cell Carcinoma
- Begins in the Basal cell, a type of cell within the skin that provides new skin cells as old ones die off
- Appears as a slightly transparent bump on the skin
Symptoms
  • A pearly white skin colored or pink bump
  • A brown, black or blue lesion
  • A flat, scaly reddish patch
  • A white, waxy, scarl-like lesion

Risk Factors
  • Chronic Sun Exposure
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Fair Skin
  • Your age
  • Your sex
  • Family History
  • Immune-suppressing drugs
  • Inherited syndromes that cause Skin Cancer
    • Commonly recurs
    • Increased risk of other types of skin cancer
    • Cancer may spread beyond just the skin
Treament
  • Surgical Excision
  • Freezing
  • Mohs Surgery
  • Topical Treaments can be used such as creams or ointments
Prevention
  • Avoid mid-day sun
  • Use sunscreen
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Avoid tanning beds
  • Become familar with your skin so that you will notice changes
  • Ask a doctor about screening

Basal-cell-carcinoma.jpg Basal_cell.jpg
Melanoma
- Most serious type of Skin Cancer, develops in the cell melanoytes that produce melanin
- Melanoma can be successfully treated if it is detected early.
- 1 person dies of Melanoma every hour
- From the ages 15-39 men are 55% more likely to die of melanoma than women of the same age group
Symptoms
  • First Signs
    • Change in an existing mole
    • The development of a new pigmented or unusual- looking growth on your skin.
  • Normal moles- uniform color oval/round smaller than 1/4 inch
  • Unusual Moles
    • Asymmetrical shape
    • B- Irregular Border
    • C- Color Change
    • D- Diameter (larger than 1/4 inch)
    • E- Evolving
Risk Factors
  • Fair Skin
  • History of sunburn
  • Living closer to equator/ higher elevation
  • Family History of Melanoma
Treatment
  • Early Stage
    • A very thin layer of melanoma may be removed entirely during the biopsy and require no future treatment
  • Late Stage
    • Sugery to remove affected lymph nodes
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation Therapy
    • Biological Therapy
    • Targeted Therapy
Prevention
  • Avoid sun during mid-day
  • Wear sunscreen
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Avoid tanning beds
  • Be familar with your skin so that you will notice changes

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Skin cancer types treatment





INSTRUCTIONS/ CANCER

Your group needs to cover the following types of cancer.
Squamous, basal cell carcinoma, Melanoma, Inflammatory Breast Cancer, Testicular Cancer As a group you are responsible for creating your own Wiki covering the topics assigned. You may attach files, articles, videos, pictures and/or word documents
Be prepared to give your reports orally to the class using your Wiki.
Included in your report should be a description of the disease, who it affects, treatment and prognosis.
How to use the wiki page
  1. To enter content on this page, click the EDITtab located on the top, right side of the page.
  2. Enter the information and click Save to save changes.
You can upload files or create links to external website or to a page in the wiki.
  1. To upload a file or an image, click the Fileicon on the tool bar, upload the file.
  2. Click the Link icon to enter a link to a url or link to a page in the wiki.

www.**everydayhealth.com** www.ibcresearch.org www.healthyweb.com