aspergersProgeria

By : Prak Muppidi

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What is Progeria?

  • Fatal genetic disorder that causes rapid aging of children
  • Extremely rare, 1 in 4 million births
  • Also known as Hutchinson-Gilford Syndrome

Causes

  • Mutation in gene called LMNA
  • LNMA produces proteins that holds the nucleus of the cell together
  • Unstable nucleus causes the process of premature aging
  • Does not come from parents genes, a single sperm or egg is mutated

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Symptoms in Appearance

  • Disproportionately large head, narrow faceexternal image untitled-picture.jpg
  • Visible veins
  • Large eyes and incomplete closure of eyelids
  • Small lower jaw
  • Thin lips
  • Beaked nose
  • Hair loss including eyelashes and eyebrows
  • Thin, spotty and wrinkled skin
  • Ears that stick out
  • Loss of body fat and muscle

Symptoms in Health

  • Delayed and abnormal tooth formation
  • Hearing loss
  • Fragile bones
  • Stiff joints
  • Hip dislocation
  • Insulin resistance
  • Severe progressive heart and blood vessel disease

Diagnosis

  • Children display symptoms in first 2 years
  • Most likely diagnosed during child's routine check up
  • Confirmed by genetic test for LMNA mutations

Treatment

  • No cure
  • Regular monitoring of heart and blood vessels
  • Low doses of aspirin
  • Physical and Occupational therapy
  • A cancer drug FTI was found to help fix damaged cells and help with progeria

Complications

  • Problems with blood vessels that supply the heart, causing heart attack and congestive heart failure
  • Problems with blood vessels that supply the brain, causing stroke
  • Children with Progeria die of atherosclerosis (heart disease) at an average age of fourteen years.
  • Health problems often associated with aging, like arthritis, nearsightedness and increased cancer risk do not develop from progeria.












Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

By: Adrian Avila
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What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?

  • Characterized by recurrent, undesirable Obsessions and Compulsions
  • A Disorder of the Brain and Behavior
    • Obsessions (Thoughts) and Compulsions (Behaviors)
    • Not Always Linked Together
  • Childhood or Adolescence

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Obsessions

    • Thoughts, Images, Urges
    • Repetitive

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      • Anxiety
      • Fear
      • Eagerness
    • Dysfunctional, Distressing, Deviant
      • Interference
        • Time (Activities/Values)
      • Persistence
    • Different Types
      • Contamination
        • Germs
        • Chemicals
      • Damage (Harm)
        • Burglary
      • Symmetry and Orderliness
        • Neatness
        • Direction
        • Perfection
      • Hoarding

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Compulsions

    • Consistent/Repetitive Behaviors
    • Temporary Solution(s)
    • Avoiding Situations to Trigger Obsessions
    • Common Types (Association with Obsessions)
      • Contamination = Washing and Cleaning
        • Body/Hands
        • Kitchen/Bathroom
      • Damage = Checking
        • Safety/Security
        • People
      • Symmetry and Orderliness = Organizing ("Just Right")
        • Objects/Items
        • Body Movements

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(Daily Life of OCD): https://youtu.be/KOami82xKec

Causes

  • Unknown (Direct Cause)

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  • (1) Genetics, (2) Biological Abnormalities
  • Genetics
    • Predisposition
    • Family
  • Biological Abnormalities
    • Orbitofrontal Cortex
    • Serotonin (Neurotransmitter)

Signs/Symptoms

  • Repeated Thoughts, Images, or Urges
  • Immediate Anxiety
  • Lack of Control
  • Obsession Symptoms
    • Fear of Contamination
    • Aggressive impulses
    • Having things orderly and symmetrical
  • Compulsion Symptoms
    • Repeatedly washing hands
    • Constant checking
    • Arranging items in a certain way

Diagnosis

  • Criteria (DSM, APA)
    • Obsessions and/or Compulsions
    • Not realizing obsessions/compulsions are excessive
    • Trying to ignore obsessions by suppressing them
    • Obsessions/Compulsions being time consuming
        • Dysfunctional
        • Distress
  • Physical Exams
  • Lab Tests
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Treatment

  • First Line Therapy
    • Exposure Response Prevention (ERP)
      • Cognitive-behavioral Therapy
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      • Anti-depressants
  • Exposure Response Prevention (ERP)
      • Repeated Exposure to Obsession(s)
      • Not Conditioning Compulsive Response
      • Anxiety subsiding naturally overtime
  • Pharmacotherapy
    • Selective Serotonin Re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI)
      • Anti-depressant
      • High doses





Asperger's Syndrome

By:Marcos Perez
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  • Asperger's Syndrome
  • About 68 billion people have Asperger's

Characterizations:

  • Lack in Social cues
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  • repetitive patterns or behavior
  • fixated interests
  • Present begging in early childhood and infancy
  • Lack of normal communication skills
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Signs/ Symptoms:


  • Lack in speech
  • Unusual pitch
  • inability to interact with others
  • Narrowed interests
  • May not meet developmental
  • Anxiety or depression in young adulthood
  • ADHD
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There is no known cause of Asperger's Syndrome:


  • Current research leads to brain abnormalities
  • Structural differences
  • Functional differences
  • May be caused during fetal development
  • Runs in families
  • High accordance in twins
  • No specific gene related to Asperger's has been discovered

Diagnoses:


  • There is no single test that can tell your son or daughter has AS

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Treatment:

  • Treatment varies
  • Speech therapy
  • Medications
  • keeping a daily routine
  • Environmental support


Aspergers
HEARING WORLD/ READ MY LIPS/ ZELLNER SAVE






Disorders
INSTRUCTIONS:
Each student in the group is responsible for one of the topics below.

As a group you are responsible for creating your own Wiki covering the topics assigned. You may attach files, articles,
videos, pictures and/or word documents

Be prepared to give your reports orally to the class using your Wiki.

Included in your report should be a description of these types of disorders. (Choose three) Include what they are, how they develop, who it affects, and treatment.
  • Tourettes Syndrome*
  • Asperger Syndrome *
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Progeria
  • General Anxiety Disorder
Resources
www.EverydayHealth.com
www.Web.Md

How to use the wiki page
  1. To enter content on this page, click the EDITtab located on the top, right side of the page.
  2. Enter the information and click Save to save changes.

You can upload files or create links to external website or to a page in the wiki.
  1. To upload a file or an image, click the Fileicon on the tool bar, upload the file.
  2. Click the Link icon to enter a link to a url or link to a page in the wiki