Environmental Impact on Human Health

Environment

Instructions

This assignment can include a variety of interesting information.

Some suggestions: Choose a few and discuss how they affect our us in our daily lives.

mountain top mining
non gas style of cars- electrical, hybrids
noise pollution
global warming
acid rain
oil spills
recyling

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Oil Spills:

"An accidental release of oil into a body of water"
- Due to human activities and/or unsafe transportation
- Played into effect since 1907-present day
http://cdn3.chartsbin.com/chartimages/l_mgz_a3516de44e2ebfff5970016d02c8178f
http://cdn3.chartsbin.com/chartimages/l_mgz_a3516de44e2ebfff5970016d02c8178f

Effects On The Animal & Environment:

- Oil Floats on top of the surface
  • Spreads rapidly
  • Unhealthy
  • Contaminated

- Cleanup can lead to endangerment to marine animals & seabirds

picture.jpg




Impact on Human Health:

-Risks are involved

  • Nausea

  • Throat Infections

  • Nose/eye irritation

  • Migraines/Headaches

  • Lung Cancer,Skin Disease, and Kidney damage

 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Gulf of Mexico
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Gulf of Mexico

  • Skin contact with oil can lead to skin infection
    Skin contact with oil can lead to skin infection

    Important to wear protective gear
    Important to wear protective gear

    - Even for clean up workers

    • Stinging Eye

    • Rashes

    • Nausea

    • Dizziness

    • Headaches






Waste & Effects

By Tiffany Trinh

MSW (Municipal Solid Waste):

  • Each person generates about 4.4 lbs of waste per day

  • 251 million tons of solid waste in a year (2012)

  • 34.8% of all waste in U.S. is recycled or composted

  • >14% is burned at combustion facilities

  • Other 54% disposed in landfills

Landfills:

When landfills run out, garbage is dumped in:

  • Woods

  • Waterways/ oceans

  • International landfills (developing countries)

General facts about our water:

  • 75% of Earth is water

  • 2.5% is drinkable

  • 1.2% is freshwater from lakes, ground ice, swamps, rivers, etc.

  • More than 1 billion people do not have access to fresh water

  • By 2030, water issues (demand for fresh water) will increase

Plastic Water Pollution

Every year, 8 million metric tons of plastic end up in our oceans

external image via-blueplanetgreenliving-dot-com.jpg
  • water bottles

  • plastic rings

  • coffee cups

How does this all affect us?

external image Pollution-in-new-delhi-940x400.jpg
  • Around 70% of the industrial waste is dumped into the water bodies where they pollute the usable water supply.

  • 14 billion pounds of garbage (mostly plastic) is dumped into the ocean every year.

  • 15 million children under the age of five die each year because of diseases caused by drinking water.

  • Japanese government dumped 11 million liters (2 million gallons) of radioactive water into the Pacific Ocean after the nuclear crisis in 2011.

  • According to the WHO (World Health Organization) and United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF), around 2.5 billion people do not have access to improved sanitation.

  • In America, 40% of the rivers and 46% of the lakes are polluted and are considered unhealthy for swimming, fishing or aquatic life.

  • The Ganges river in India is one the most polluted in the world. It contain sewage, trash, food, and animal remains.

  • On an average 250 million people worldwide succumb to diseases related to water pollution.

See More...

What should we do?

Recycle & Reuse:

  • Source reduction (Waste prevention): Don't buy it

    • Ex: use a water bottle instead

external image NorwexPlastic.pngexternal image Bottled_water_in_supermarket.JPG
  • Recycle (processing of materials to be reused):

    • Ex: Chipotle napkins

external image CMcdF2rUcAATTp6.jpg

    • Ex: 2016 Olympic Medals

external image Cpf8SKEWIAEd4HL.jpg
  • Rio 2016

  • Silver and bronze medals

    • 30% recycled materials

    • Half of the plastic in the ribbons from recycled plastic bottles

    • Ex: Podium

external image dsc00530.jpg
      • Organic material

      • Planned for reuse as furniture

  • Composting (decomposition of organic waste into soil): Good for fertilization

external image The-Best-Composting-Materials.jpgexternal image West+Brunswick+community+garden+-+composting+hub+-+A2+signage+-+what+can+be+composted+v3.png
  • Benefits and Outcome:

    • Enriches soil

    • Reduces chemical fertilizers

    • Reduces chemical emissions from landfills

    • Lowers your carbon footprint


What's out there for us:

  • Paper bags

  • BYOB:


external image Reusable-Bag-Blog-800x370.jpg
  • Incentives

external image IMG_0801.jpg
  • Recycling Drop offs

external image Recycle-Glass.jpg
  • Purchaseable bags for re-use

  • Innovative Recycling Ideas



  • Edible & biodegradable rings:

external image edible-rings5-720x480-c.png
  • Compostable water bottle by Ari Jonsson from Iceland

    • Red algae (Jelly- like)

    • Decomposes once empty

    • Edible

Benefits & Outcomes of Reusing & Recycling:

  • Reduces amount of waste in landfills and water

  • Prevents pollution

  • Saves money

  • Saves energy

  • Reduces greenhouse gas emissions which leads to global climate change

  • Helps sustain the environment

  • Creates jobs in the recycling and manufacturing industries in the United States


Animal Extintion

Corazon Leal



Cause:

Extinction is the process by which a species, genus, or family, becomes extinct — no longer existing and living in the world. It is the abolition and annihilation of something that previously existed in the world. In the case of biology, it refers specifically to the end of an evolutionary line, or a branch on the tree of life.





Effects:

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature has developed a system to classify the estimated health of a species. The system factors in: the rate at which populations are declining, total population-size, habitat-loss, total species range and ecosystem health, and the degree of habitat and population-fragmentation. The classification spectrum includes: Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, Near Threatened, Least Concern, Data Deficient, and Not Evaluated.



Climate Change is caused by a number of things. The effect that climate has on extinction is very big. The biodiverse Earth can't keep up with the rapid changes in temperature and climate. The species are not used to severe weather conditions and long seasons, or a changing chemical make-up of their surroundings.


  • Climate Change

  • Habit Loss

  • Water

  • Air Pollution



Prevent:

  1. Pay attention to the products you use.
    • Look for products made from recycled materials. They are often marked by a series of green arrows forming a circle. You may also find information on a product's label indicating how much of it is made from recycled materials.
    • If you wear make-up, be conscious of which products you purchase. Many cosmetics companies are notorious for animal testing and other environmentally harmful practices. A lot of big companies, like Olay and Garnier, routinely practice animal testing. Read the labels on cosmetics, shampoos, and conditioners to make sure there is no animal testing involved.

    • Many products make use of palm tree oil. It's used in foods, cosmetics, and soaps. Many tropical forests are being stripped to make room for palm tree farms. If you see palm tree oil on the label of a product you're buying, make sure that company harvests the oil in a sustainable manner. You can find a list of companies that support ethical palm oil harvesting on the Union of Concerned Scientists website.
  2. Do not buy products made from endangered species.

  3. Buy local food.
  4. Vote for political candidates who support the environment.
  5. Use social media to your advantage.
  6. Volunteer for organizations that help raise public awareness

Animal has been extended

  • Sabertooth Salmon
  • Unknown-1.jpeg
  • American Lion
  • Unknown.jpeg
  • Ordovician
ordovicsea.gif








The five most popular species

  • Apes

  • Elephants

  • Big Cats

  • Black Rhinoceros

  • Giant Panda




Animal been back from extintion








Animal going to be Extint


  • tigers

  • Wolves

  • RhinosGorilla

    • Javan Rhinos - 60 left

  • Sea Turtle








Oil Spills Sources:

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=128008826
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_spill
http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/how-oil-spills-affect-fish-and-whales.html
http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/how-oil-harms-animals-and-plants-marine-environments.html
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UkATPicHIo4
http://www.environmentalpollutioncenters.org/oil-spill/humans/
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/oil-spills-human-health-impacts-might-extend-into-the-future/


http://www.onekind.org/education/top_10_lists/Endangered/

Waste and Effects Sources:

http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/20591/20160409/edible-and-biodegradable-water-bottle-made-of-algae-developed-by-a-student.htm
https://www.epa.gov/recycle/composting-home
https://www.epa.gov/recycle/recycling-basics
http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/various-water-pollution-facts.php

Waste and Effects Image sources:

http://www.hydratelife.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/via-blueplanetgreenliving-dot-com.jpg
http://www.gangaaction.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Pollution-in-new-delhi-940x400.jpg
http://www.norwexrace.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/NorwexPlastic.png
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Bottled_water_in_supermarket.JPG
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CMcdF2rUcAATTp6.jpg
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Cpf8SKEWIAEd4HL.jpg
http://s2.glbimg.com/A_NCCJrv_h14sCEcODpY8SH-f3k=/fit-in/1080x1080/s2.glbimg.com/Jgq9xf1lhHcpKFS1Y1R2qgethK4=/0x0:2448x1624/2448x1624/s.glbimg.com/es/ge/f/original/2016/06/14/dsc00530.jpg
http://www.topinspired.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/The-Best-Composting-Materials.jpg
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-1GNcd3nEtyk/UxuGuh4kIwI/AAAAAAAAFmQ/qZcFcgUKcuQ/s1600/West+Brunswick+community+garden+-+composting+hub+-+A2+signage+-+what+can+be+composted+v3.png
http://www.jewelosco.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Reusable-Bag-Blog-800x370.jpg
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_t4J0UEMOjsk/S-Ax4c1x20I/AAAAAAAAAP8/xskhKyrJHc8/s1600/IMG_0801.jpg
http://provomayor.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Recycle-Glass.jpg

Animal Extinctions:


http://scienceheathen.com/2013/03/07/extinction-mass-extinctions-extinct-species-and-the-ongoing-6th-great-mass-extinction/
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/12/131216-conservation-environment-animals-science-endangered-species/
http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/11587/20150102/2015-may-see-several-species-go-extinct.htm
http://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/endangered-and-extinct-species
http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/programs/biodiversity/elements_of_biodiversity/extinction_crisis/
http://www.tropical-rainforest-animals.com/Animal-Extinction.html
http://www.wikihow.com/Do-Your-Part-to-Prevent-Animal-Extinction