Infectious Diseases

Pastor Aguilera

AIDS

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What Are AIDS?: Aids are a diseases in the immune system that can be transmitted through needles, sexual contact and by blood or blood that enters the body's bloodstream.


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Risk Factors:

To contract AIDS, you must be sharing needles or having unprotected sex with a man or women.

  • Sharing needles when doing drugs is a major risk of getting AIDS

  • Having unprotected sex

  • Having multiple sex partners

  • Men who have sex with other men

  • Inject illegal drugs, such as heroin

Symptoms


Initial signs and symptoms of AIDS:
  • Headaches

  • Fatigue

  • Coughing up blood.

  • Nausea and Vomiting

  • Diarrhea

  • Sore Throat


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Treatment:


There is currently no treatment from AIDS right now, Anti- Retroviral Regimens (ARV's) is medicine that people can take to slow down the disease and so it doesn't spread more in your body and so it doesn't cause secondary infections and complications.
There is also special specialist that someone can see to help them out with the problem of AIDS.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FDVNdn0CvKI




Ivonne Calderon
MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus)

Human neutrophil ingesting MRSA.jpg
Human neutrophil ingesting MRSA.jpg


What is MRSA?

MRSA is a type of bacteria that lives on most of everybody's body. When/if it spreads into an open wound, or the immune system can’t control it, then it can cause severe skin infections and deadly bloodstream infections.

There are two types of MRSA: HA-MRSA (Hospital-acquired) and CA-MRSA (community-acquired).

Risk Factors

HA-MRSA most often affects:

  • People hospitalized with weak immune systems or those recovering from surgery or an illness
  • People hospitalized with invasive medical devices such as IV lines or urinary catheters
  • People living in long-term care facilities such as nursing homes

CA-MRSA can spread through skin to skin contact, most often affects:

  • Those who play sports like wrestling and football
  • Those who live in crowded conditions such as child care centers, college dorms, and prisons
  • Men who have sex with mean have a higher risk

Symptoms

(You can have the bacteria but if it doesn't cause an infection then there will be no symptoms)

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CA-MRSA:

  • Red bumps that may have pus
  • swollen bump
  • Can look like deep or multiple abscesses
  • Fever

HA-MRSA:

  • Chest Pain
  • Coughing or shortness of breath
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Wounds that won't heal

Treatment

If infection has stayed in one spot, it can be treated by draining the abscess or sore.
Stronger and riskier antibiotics can be prescribed since MRSA is resistant to most antibiotics.



Rachel Kurzawa

Pneumonia


Image result for Pneumonia
Image result for Pneumonia



What it is? Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in either one of both lungs, usually causing a cough with phlegm or mucus. It can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening.


Who does it affect? Very non specific, can affect just about anyone, mainly people with health problems or weakened immune systems. It is most serious for infants and young children but also adults over the age of 65.


What causes it? Many germs can cause Pneumonia. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. Usually our body protects us from these germs but sometimes they overpower our immune system even if our health is generally good.


Symptoms:

-Chest pain when coughing or breathing

-Fever or chills

-Shortness of breath

-Nausea

-Lower than normal body temperature

Image result for symptoms of pneumonia
Image result for symptoms of pneumonia



Treatment: Typically at home medication can be used to treat Pneumonia, such as antibiotics, cough medicine and fever reducers or pain relievers. However being 65 and older or younger than the age of 2 months they may require hospital care because the symptoms are more severe and require a ventilator.


Prevention:

-Stop smoking

-Wash hands often

-Vaccinations (PCV)



Infectious Diseases


INSTRUCTIONS

Each student in the group is responsible for one of the topics below. * MRSA must be covered.
As a group you are responsible for creating your own Wiki covering the topics assigned. You may attach files, articles, videos, pictures and/or word documents

Be prepared to give your reports orally to the class using your Wiki.
Included in your report should be a description of the infectious disease, who it affects, treatment and prognosis.
examples: monoucleosis mrsa tuberculosis strep throat conjunctivitis H1N1 SARS

How to use the wiki page# To enter content on this page, click the EDITtab located on the top, right side of the page.
  1. Enter the information and click Save to save changes.
You can upload or create links to external website or to a page in the wiki.# To upload a file or an image, click the Fileicon on the tool bar, upload the file.
  1. Click the Link icon to enter a link to a url or link to a page in the wiki.

Resourses

www.EverydayHealth.com www.Web.Md