By Eric Dineen & Michael Mills

Definition: Aggressive behaviors that produce injuries and can result in death.

  • Includes intentional and unintentional injuries
  • Gun violence, Domestic Violence, Bullying, Terrorism.
  • Physical Abuse resulting in impairment.

Factors Contributing to Violence:
  • Poverty/ Economic Difficulty
  • Unemployment
  • Personal/cultural beliefs
  • Religious/Political differences
  • Breakdowns in Criminal Justice System
  • Mental health issues/Anger
  • Substance abuse problems
  • Abusive Parents
  • Poor functioning family
  • Social rejection
  • Poor punishments as a child due to lack of parental control

Domestic Violence

-The use of force to control and maintain power over another person in the home environment

1/3 women, 1/10 men have been victims of domestic violence

Intimate Partner Violence: physical, sexual, or psychological harm done by a current or former partner or spouse

Usually a pattern of abusive behavior from the same spouse in a relationship

Cycle of violence in relationships:

  1. Tension Building - breakdowns in communication, anger aggression, growing tension, fear

  2. Incident of acute battering - Attacker tends to acted shocked and deney abuse, or blame victim

  3. Remorse/Reconciliation - After the attack, the abuser may falsey act kind, loving, apologetic

Sexual assault -Any act in which one person is sexually intimate with another without that person's consent

(Example: Any forced Sexual Intercourse such as Child molestation, Incest, even fondling)

Rape - Sexual penetration without the victim's consent

Statutory Rape- This is an unlawful sexual act with a person below a designated age

Contributing Factors to Sexual Violence

  • Possible alcohol abuse

  • Mental health issues

  • Jealousy/ Issues of power & control

  • Low self-esteem

  • Depression
  • Suicidal Thoughts
  • Unrepairable damage

Indications of Violence

Are you concerned that someone you care about is experiencing abuse? Maybe you’ve noticed some signs, including:
  • Their partner puts them down in front of other people
  • They are constantly worried about making their partner angry
  • They make excuses for their partner’s behavior
  • Their partner is extremely jealous or possessive
  • They have unexplained marks or injuries
  • They’ve stopped spending time with friends and family
  • They are depressed or anxious, or you notice changes in their personality

Dealing with Sexual Harassment in School or Workplace

  1. Teller harasser to stop - Be clear and direct

  2. Document the Harassment - Record each incident to help make your case

  3. Avoid contact with the harasser - Avoid being alone with them

  4. Complain to a higher authority - legal authorities, instructors, counseling psychologists

  5. Remember that you have done nothing wrong - Feel proud that you are not keeping silent

DON'T BE A BYSTANDER (2 minute video)

The National Domestic Violence Hotline # 1(800)799-7233

By Steven Soifer
What is bullying?
Bullying is an unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.
Kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.

What Causes Bullying?
Bullies come from dysfunctional families.
A dysfunctional family is not a guarantee that a child will become a bully. However, a large number of bullies come from homes where there is little affection and openness. They may often witness their parents being aggressive toward friends, siblings or other members of the family.

Bullies need to be in control.
Kids who push others around are often driven by the need for power. They enjoy being able to attack others. These types of kids are typically impulsive and they Succed when their victims cower when they are in front of them. They don't care how other people feel.

Bullies don’t care how others feel.
Some children either lack feeling or like to see others in pain. When they hurt someone, they have no sense of what the people around them are feeling. Sometimes a perpetrator may even get pleasure from seeing a child cry as he kicks him down the hallway. The reactions of the victims gives the bully a sense of accomplishment, so he continues the behavior.

How does it affects people?
external image cyberbullies.jpg
The Main 3 Types of Bullying
Physical Bullying
Verbal Bullying
Emotional Bullying

Sub types of Bullying
Cyber Bullying
This is one of the most popular types of bullying in the world. Cyber bullying can be described as any form of bullying that incorporates the use of technology. Kids being harassed on social media. Saying really bad things about people and making them feel insecure about themselves. Like Twitter, Facebook, Instagram,

external image cyberbullying.jpg

Disability Bullying
Disability bullying is bullying specifically targeting people with disability. Disability bullying normally targets physically disabled individuals but can also extend individuals with other special conditions such as autism, Asperger's syndrome, Down syndrome.
Gay Bullying
Making fun of someone that is gay.
School Bullying
School bullying is one of the most common types of bullying

28% of students ages 12-18 reported being bullied during the school year. Kids don't go to school because they feel that they are in danger.

How can we stop Bullying?
When you see bullying, there are safe things you can do to make it stop. Talk to a parent, teacher, or another adult you trust. Adults need to know when bad things happen so they can help. Be kind to the kid being bullied.
Look at the kid bullying you and tell him or her to stop in a calm, clear voice. You can also try to laugh it off.
If speaking up seems too hard or not safe, walk away and stay away. Don’t fight back

The kids that Bully other kids just feel insecure about themselves and want to make themselves feel better.
This works best if joking is easy for you. It could catch the kid bullying you off guard.

There are things you can do to stay safe in the future,.

  • Talk to an adult you trust. Don’t keep your feelings inside. Telling someone can help you feel less alone. They can help you make a plan to stop the bullying.
  • Stay away from places where bullying happens.
  • Stay near adults and other kids. Most bullying happens when adults aren’t around

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Self Defense

external image 154570-158476.jpg
Phil Chaplick

The defense of one's person or interest, especially through the use of physical force, which is permitted in certain cases as an answer to a charge of violent crimes.

Self Defense against personal assault and rape.

-Most attacks are by unknown assailants and are planned.

Ways to defend yourself against a potential assailant

-Speak in a strong voice

-Maintain eye contact

-Stand up straight and act confident and remain alert

Assault can occur no matter what preventative actions you take. However with common sense self defense tactics you can help to lower the risk.

Self defense is a process that includes..

- Increasing your awarenesssituational-awareness.jpg

-Developing self protective skills

-Taking reasonable precautions

-Having the judgement necessary to respond quickly to changing situations

-Avoid potentially dangerous situations

Self defense against Rape

Unlawful sexual intercourse or any other sexual penetration of the vagina, anus or mouth of another person, with or without force, by a sex organ, other body part, or foreign object, without the consent of the victim.

Most attackers will use ploys to initiate their attacks.

Often times It begins as a friendly casual conversation

-Asking for help

-Offering help

-Staging a deliberate accident

-Posing as a police officer or someone with authority

You should always trust your intuition

When dealing with an assailant...

-Be assertive and direct

-Make a scene

-Speak in a strong voice

-Maintain eye contact

-Stand up straight, act confident, remain alert.

Research shows that if you yell "FIRE" rather than just screaming, people are more likely to respond and help.

According to RAINN, every 107 seconds someone is sexually assaulted in the U.S.

44%of victims are under the age of 18

80% of victims are under the age of 30

While only 68% of rape cases are reported

If rape dose occur

-Call 911

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-Do not bathe, shower, clean-up or touch anything the attacker may have touched

-Save the cloths you were wearing

-Contact rape assistance hotline

If a friend is raped

-Believe them

-Recognize that rape is a violent act and the victim was not looking for this to happen

-Encourage your friend to see a doctor

-Encourage her to report this crime

-Be understanding, and show support

-Encourage your friend to seek counseling


In this section your group can cover any issue of violence. I would like to see bullying, domestic violence and terrorism covered. Do not forget pictures!
The videos below are some examples you can use, you may find others. Please save the sitting at the table video.

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