Weight Management- Diabetes II
By: Roohya Safi
A problem with the body when blood sugar levels rise higher than they should be.
The body resists the effective use of insulin (a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in the cells), called Insulin Resistance,or the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
- DNA that affects the way that insulin is produced
- being overweight or obese may cause insulin resistance, especially if there is a lot of fat stored around the middle
Too much glucose from the liver
- Liver doesn't stop producing glucose after eating, causing an excess of glucose in the bloodstream
Broken beta cells
- if the cells that send out insulin produce the wrong amount at the wrong time, then it may throw of blood sugar levels.
Who Does It Affect?
More common in adults
Children are increasingly becoming more affected by Diabetes 2 because of childhood obesity.
Risk of developing Diabetes 2 increases with age
Increased thirst and urination - Excess sugar buildup in the bloodstream causes extra fluid to be pulled from tissues
Increased hunger - Because there's not enough insulin to pull sugar into the cells, there is a lack of energy, and this triggers intense hunger
Weight loss - Body uses alternative fuels in stored fat and muscles since it lacks the ability to metabolize glucose
Fatigue - with cells deprived of sugar, they lack energy and the body becomes tired easily
Low-healing sores and/or frequent infections - Diabetes 2 affects the ability to heal and resist infections
Blurred vision - If blood sugar levels are too high, fluid may be pulled from the eyes, causing vision to become blurred and unclear
Areas of darkened skin - acanthosis nigricans: a possible sign of insulin resistance, a person with type 2 Diabetes may developed dark, velvety patches of skin in the folds and creases of the body
Anti-Diabetic medicine (blood thinners, statin (fat/cholesterol reducers), insulin)
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