Diabetes 2
By: Roohya Safi

Diabetes: A problem with the body when blood sugar levels rise higher than they should be.

Diabetes 2: The body resists the effective use of insulin (a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in the cells), called Insulin Resistance,or the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.

Causes:
  • Genetics - DNA that affects the way that insulin is produced
  • Extra weight - being overweight or obese may cause insulin resistance, especially if there is a lot of fat stored around the middle
  • Too much glucose from the liver - Liver doesn't stop producing glucose after eating, causing an excess of glucose in the bloodstream
  • Broken beta cells - if the cells that send out insulin produce the wrong amount at the wrong time, then it may throw of blood sugar levels.


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Who Does It Affect?

  • More common in adults
  • Children are increasingly becoming more affected by Diabetes 2 because of childhood obesity.
  • Risk of developing Diabetes 2 increases with age
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Symptoms:
  • Increased thirst and urination - Excess sugar buildup in the bloodstream causes extra fluid to be pulled from tissues
  • Increased hunger - Because there's not enough insulin to pull sugar into the cells, there is a lack of energy, and this triggers intense hunger
  • Weight loss - Body uses alternative fuels in stored fat and muscles since it lacks the ability to metabolize glucose
  • Fatigue - with cells deprived of sugar, they lack energy and the body becomes tired easily
  • Low-healing sores and/or frequent infections - Diabetes 2 affects the ability to heal and resist infections
  • Blurred vision - If blood sugar levels are too high, fluid may be pulled from the eyes, causing vision to become blurred and unclear
  • Areas of darkened skin - acanthosis nigricans: a possible sign of insulin resistance, a person with type 2 Diabetes may developed dark, velvety patches of skin in the folds and creases of the body

Treatments:
  • Physical exercise
  • Weight loss
  • Quit smokingdiabetes-loss-of-hair-on-legs-exercise-can-type-1-ub.jpg
  • Nutrition counseling
  • Diabetic diet
  • Anti-Diabetic medicine (blood thinners, statin (fat/cholesterol reducers), insulin)

Diabetes 2